COVID-19 (A Global Pandemic)

COVID-19 (A Global Pandemic)


COVID-19 disease is defined as a serious illness which is caused by a newly discovered coronavirus called Novel coronavirus.



                Coronavirus is a new strain which was not identified in humans previously. But, now coronavirus or COVID-19 is a global pandemic that spreads swiftly from person to person. These viruses are the RNA viruses that cause respiratory diseases in humans. These viruses cause infection starting from the common cold to severe respiratory infections like MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS-CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome).

Shape of Coronavirus:

                          Coronavirus is a spherical shaped virus and it have crown like spikeswhich are stretched outward and nucleocapsid is of helical shaped. It also have an envelope and membrane.

History of Coronavirus:

It was started from December 2019 and first identified in Wuhan, the city of China in the last days of December. It was reported to WHO on December 31, 2019. It was spreading so rapidly that many of the people were dying due to this new strain of virus. In the month of January, WHO announced that COVID-19 is an emergency outbreak which was spreading so fast in all over the world in 2020. It is the reason of thousands of deaths in China, in Pakistan, in India, in Italy, in America rather in all across the world it has made a serious and lethal destruction in the whole world. On February, it came upon in Pakistan gradually in the starting but in March, most of the people were affected and thousands of persons were died in a single day. It was getting worse day by day and deaths were increasing. Death rate was nearly in lacs. Lacs of people were infected, some were treated, most of the people were dead and few of them were survived.

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This COVID-19 Pandemic had become a global emergency outbreak. It has destroyed the World so drastically that everyone got locked in their homes and many precautions were adopted by the public to protect themselves from the virus. But still coronavirus was spreading globally. Doctors were also dying due to treating COVID affected patients. Coronavirus Testing was very common in the world. Hospitals were filled up with the patients and this sudden outbreak had eradicate the world, where no one has strong immunity and there was no vaccine at all. People got terrified about this fatal ailment especially the old/aged persons and the children were more vulnerable to this virus.

Different Kinds of Coronaviruses:

There are seven different kinds of coronaviruses.

Common Kinds of Coronaviruses:

1.Alpha coronavirus (229E)

2.Alpha coronavirus (NL63)

3.Beta coronavirus  (OC43)

4.Beta coronavirus  (HKU1)

Other Kinds of Coronaviruses:

  1. MERS-CoV (that beta coronavirus which cause Middle East Respiratory Syndrome means MERS).
  2. SARS-CoV (that beta coronavirus which cause Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome means SARS).
  3. SARS-CoV-2 (that novel coronavirus which cause COVID-19 or coronavirus-2019.

 Symptoms of Coronavirus:

Coronavirus patients face mild to severe respiratory ailments.





Sore Throat

Chilled feeling

High Temperature

Shortness of breath/difficulty in breathing

Effect of Coronavirus on Daily Life:

Coronavirus had a very vital effect on our daily life or activities. From where it was started, Almost in March, All the Institutions were closed due to this emergency pandemic. Everyone got locked in their homes, no one can go out to their jobs. That was a very critical situation. There was a complete Lockdown. All the shops, Schools, Colleges, Universities Employment sources were closed. Everyone was facing serious issues. No one can go to their jobs, the country’s situation was worrisome. Especially the Students faced serious issues, as they were not taught during this period. Their study was badly affected , they had also faced issues in online classes, online exams. That was a very bad effect on our daily activities in this year 2020.. After sometime, the news was about that coronavirus was getting low day by day. In the month of September to November , The country’s climate was getting clean and the virus was removing from our lives. But at the end of November, the news was spreading that Coronavirus was again started and it start spreading again and it become more dangerous than before. Now it is the second wave of coronavirus which is quite more fatal than the first one. Many of the people are dying so rapidly. Death rate is increasing day by day. All the Institutes are again closed. Students are again facing education problems. And graduates are also facing job issues as all the institutions are shut down. We should pray to God for our Country and we should adopt Precautionary measures to protect ourselves from this illness.

Prevention or Treatment of COVID-19 Disease:

There is no Proper treatment or vaccine of this disease , so adopt some preventive measures to save your life and other’s too.

  • Wear a mask
  • Wash Your hands before and after every task
  • Use sanitizer whenever you’re outside
  • Don’t touch your face
  • Don’t shake hands with others
  • Avoid close contact
  • Stay away from sick people
  • Maintain Social distancing

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